HUMAN TRAFFICKING DEFINED

Human trafficking is the exploitation of people through forced labor or sexual exploitation by means of force, fraud, or coercion.  It is modern day slavery.

There are various forms of exploitation:

Sex trafficking

SEXUAL EXPLOITATION

Labor trafficking

FORCED LABOR

INCLUDING CHILD LABOR

Organ trafficking

ORGAN REMOVAL

Forced marriage

FORCED MARRIAGES

Sexual exploitation accounts for about 22% of all human trafficking, and labor exploitation accounts for about 68%. (1)

A GLOBAL PROBLEM

Human trafficking (modern slavery) is a multi-billion dollar industry and the fastest growing criminal business in the world.

According to the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), human trafficking is among the top three most profitable crimes in the world, together with drug trafficking and illegal weapon trafficking.  (3)
 

Trafficking in children has been reported in all parts of the world.

Victims of trafficking endure severe physical and psychological damage and suffering, but the following obstacles make it difficult for the police and support organizations to rescue survivors and take action against perpetrators: 

  • Language barriers with foreign survivors 

  • Lack of education 

  • Lack of knowledge about human trafficking and their human rights 

  • Traffickers move survivors frequently, making it difficult to find and track them. 

MILLIONS OF CHILDREN EXPLOITED WORLDWIDE

A survey by the International Labor Organization (ILO) reports that 1.2 million children are trafficked each year.
This figure includes cross-border trafficking and trafficking within each country.
(4)

According to UNICEF, more than 2 million children are being forced into prostitution for the world's sex industry. (5) In many cases, victims are placed in unimaginably painful situations.

  • According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), 26% of trafficking victims worldwide are children and 75% are women. (6)

  • More than two-thirds of trafficked children are further abused by trafficking brokers.

  • According to one survey, 71% of trafficked children are prone to suicide.

  • Children who are trafficked have more than double the risk of developing serious mental health problems, including severe depression, personality disorders, and dissociative disorders that require clinical action.

(1) ILO 2012 Global estimate of forced labor Executive summary
      http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_norm/@declaration/documents/publication/wcms_181953.pdf
(2) ILO says forced labor generates annual profits of US $ 150 billion
       http://www.ilo.org/global/about-the-ilo/newsroom/news/WCMS_243201/lang--en/index.htm
(3) 2011 US Department of Human Trafficking Report
(4) 2002 International Labor Organization Every Child Counts: New Global Estimates on Child Labor.
(5) 2010 US Department of Human Trafficking Report
(6) ILO 2012 Global estimate of forced labor Executive summary,        
      http: www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups /public/@ed_norm/@declaration/documents/publication/wcms_181953.pdf